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Best Of The Web - Jacobite Risings

Contact Dave Waddell.

Here is Neil MacEachain's narrative roughly derived from Blaikie's "Origins of the '45" with map references. Here is Neil's narrative from the the New Monthly Magazine for 1840 (pages 323-343). Note that many of the place names are confusing and misspelled (This transcribed copy of Itinerary of Prince Charles Edward Stuart is meant to address this issue) in the original document. Add to this that a loch's name is generally two words whereas the town named after it is one i.e. Lochboisdale is a town at the head of Loch Boisdale, South Uist and Lochmaddy is a town on Loch Maddy, North Uist whereas over on the mainland the towns have "Kin" (Head of) prepended i.e. Kinlochmoidart. Even more confusing is that the same place names are found on different islands i.e. there is a Loch Eynort in South Uist as well as the Isle of Skye. Also, these documents were hand copied many times over often with more than one writer working on the same document meaning that spelling was inconsistent even, in some cases, within the same paragraph. Finally, because of the similarity of their names, many of the characters were known by the places they came from i.e. Alexander MacDonald was known as Kingsburgh as he came from Kingsburgh in the Isle of Skye and the Chief of Clan Cameron was traditionally know as Lochiel (Loch Eil) in the case of Donald Cameron, the 19th Chief, he was known as "The Gentle Lochiel".

Ascanius, in the Aeneid, first used the phrase "Annuit cœptis," the root phrase of what later became a motto of the United States of America.

Ascanius (son of Æneas [James]), as a reference to Charles Edward Stuart was first used in Oliphant of Gask correspondence from 1743, and later in the tract Æneas and His Two Sons (printed for J. Oldcastle 1746).

Lyon in Mourning

 

 

It seems highly likely that Bishop Robert Forbes had a hand in both Alexis and Ascanius.His amazing collection of Jacobite material is called “THE LYON IN MOURNING OR A COLLECTION (AS EXACTLY MADE AS THE INIQUITY OF THE TIMES WOULD PERMIT) OF SPEECHES LETTERS JOURNALS ETC. RELATIVE TO THE AFFAIRS OF PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD STUART BY THE REV. ROBERT FORBES, A.M. BISHOP OF ROSS AND CAITHNESS ” and published by the Scottish History Society in three volumes. Volumes One, Two. and Three covering the period from 1745 to 1761 which were collected in ten handwritten volumes now in the National Library of Scotland (NLS). Also important is the Itinerary of Prince Charles Edward Stuart collected from the same papers and compiled by Walter Biggar Blaikie.

 

 

 

Lockhart papers
The Lockhart papers containing memoirs and commentaries upon the affairs of Scotland from 1702 to 1746 By George Lockhart, Anthony Aufrère Volume one and two.

Moidart Local History Group have a handwritten copy of the "Original Journal & Memoires of Prince Charles's Expedition into Scotland 1745-6 by a Highland Officer in his Army" and "A comparison with Lockhart" by Tim Roberton.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bell's Jacobite Rebellion.

Noel S. McFerran's excellent site The Jacobite Heritage.

Join the 1745 Association! The Prince's Cairn is a Wikipedia entry developed (with help from Steve Lord, author of Walking with Charlie) for the 1745 Association.

A BBC documentary from 1964, Culloden by Peter Watkins.

The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) entry for John Murray of Broughton mentions Ascanius.

Stories from the Newcastle Courant include the battle plan of Culloden moor.

The official government notices (Published by Authority) can be found in the archives of the London Gazette for example:

  1. The announcement of Prince Charles' landing and the £30,000 reward (worth £4,258,182.06 in today's pounds)
  2. The defeat at Culloden
  3. The report of Captain Duff of the Terror Bomb a few days after the sea battle of Loch nan Uamh of 3rd May, 1746.
  4. Charles Edward Stuart's departure from Scotland and his arrival in France

From a Whig (Buff and Blue) (although he professes no party), an anti-French, an anti-Roman Catholic, and an anti-Jacobite viewpoint, this is Henry Fielding's newspaper THE TRUE PATRIOT. Of the thirty-three issues from November 5, 1745 to June 17, 1746, only issue 33 has no known copy. Fielding's vehement and often exaggerated, or even invented, views were regretted as the victorious William "The Butcher" Augustus, the Duke of Cumberland's army went on a killing spree following the rebels' defeat at Culloden.

The true patriot and related writingsThe scathing attacks on the Jacobites (and of the excesses of the Roman Catholic religion) are portrayed in Henry Fielding's pamphlet (published in October 1745 shortly after the government defeat at the Battle of Prestonpans) is called The History of the Present Rebellion In Scotland. All of this pamphlet's exagerations, and historical inaccuracies, are very adequately disected in The True Patriot and Related Writings edited by W.B. Coley.

Here's our Google map Jacobite Rebellion 1745-6.

 
View Larger Map

This book Bonnie Prince Charlie in Cumberland - J.A. Wheatley (1903) gives details around the Carlisle occupation that can't be found elsewhere. It's out of copyright, so here's the book.

The Book of the Old Edinburgh Club Volume II from 1909 contains three interesting articles:

Edinburgh at the time of the Occupation of Prince Charles
http://www.yourphotocard.com/BOEC/EdinburghAtTimeOfBPC.html

... the Cannonball House
http://www.yourphotocard.com/BOEC/CannonballHouse.html

... and the Flodden Wall
http://www.yourphotocard.com/BOEC/FloddenWall.html
pullout.
http://www.yourphotocard.com/Flodden_Wall/Flodden_Wall.jpg

Various Stuart claimants such as the Sobieski Stuarts.

Florentine sculptor and goldsmith, Benvenuto Cellini (1498-1562) had an assistant named Ascanio who became the subject of Alexandre Dumas' work "Ascanio; Or, The Sculptor's Apprentices" (published 1843).

These shortbread tins from Walkers are covered in Jacobite pictures. And the Drambuie recipe was supposed to be a gift from the Prince to John Mackinnon.

PICKLE THE SPY or The Incognito of Prince Charles and the The Companions of Pickle.

At least twenty-one editions of Ascanius were made between 1746 and 1899 as noted in"Notes and Queries - 1923 s12-XII: 172" by P. J. ANDERSON also (Notes and Queries, 1881; s6-IV: 185 - 186. ......his Cause. 8ro. London).

Link to my Blog with many versions of Ascanius I have found on Google Books or (regrettably, the now defunct but much superior) Windows Live Books and other sites (includes a version in French). The digitized books sponsored by Microsoft can be found on the Internet Archive. For example, here is a list of all the books on that site with Jacobite as the keyword.

http://ascaniusortheyoungadventurer.blogspot.com/ contains copies of all of the versions of the books available on the internet.

More copies of the books can be found by searching

Google Book Search

Here's some of the reference works from Google books used on this site - Ascanius Library.

The actual local directory contains 8631 files and uses 67GB disk space.

Ascanius references directory

Title Ascanius, or, The young adventurer : a true history / translated from a manuscript privately handed about at the Court of Versailles ; containing a particular account of all that happened to a certain person during his wanderings in the North, from his memorable defeat in April 1746, to his final escape, on the 19th of September in the same year Published London : Printed for G. Smith, and sold also by Mess. Grimky and Voguel ... and by all other booksellers in Great-Britain, Ireland and Holland [i.e. Printed by W. Faden, sold by W. Owen, 1746] Griffiths, Ralph, 1720-1803

The British Library has a 1746 version that does not say "Printed for G. Smith". It also has page 29 numbered correctly. It has the shelfmark 1570/2510.

Edinburgh J. Ogle, 1812. 12mo - over 6¾" - 7¾" tall, Hardcover, Half-Leather w/ Marbled Boards.

Ascanius, or, The young adventurer : containing an impartial account of the late rebellion in Scotland ... with considerable additions and improvements Published Paisley : Printed by Weir and Mc Lean for J. Davidson and Co., 1769 Edition 3rd edition.

WEIR, Alexander bookseller and printer Paisley
Paisley 1759-68
near the Cross 1769-83
John Weir same address. Tait's Glasgow Directory 1783.
J. Weir Paisley 1786-93
Alexander Weir and Archibald M'Lean printer Paisley 1769-74
Alexander Weir Paisley 1774-80
"Intimation to the creditors of John Weir, bookseller in Paisley... the said John Weir, has accordingly granted a trust right of his subjects..." Glasgow Courier 9 February 1792. "Alexander Cameron, bookseller and stationer... has commenced business East end of the Old Bridge in the shop formerly possessed by the late Mr. Weir." Glasgow Courier 9 December 1794.

Book Description: Edinburgh .: Printed for Stirling & Slade . 1819, Edinburgh ., 1819. 1 leaf, 150p. + fold. plan, frontis, extra illus. title page. 14 x 7 cm. Small book in orig. brown paper covered boards ( SF. & sl. stains, small hole in paper on front cover, sl. loss of lettering. ) Spine well worn, some loss of paper. IFE. ( dated 1924 ). Contents G+ ( Sl. dampstains, foxing & creasing. ].

Ascanius; or, The young adventurer; a true history. London, Printed for T. Johnston. 1746 Branch SPEC Description 64 p. ; 19 cm Note(s) Attributed to Ralph Griffiths; also sometimes attributed to John Burton. Cf. Halkett & Laing

Ascanius is Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender False imprint; printer and publisher were William Faden and William Owen; about 1700 copies had been printed when Griffiths, Faden and Owen were examined over the libel in January 1746/7.

Description: 1843, hb, small 8vo, 237pp, folding plan of Culloden field, orig green cloth, paper label somewhat soiled, internal browning generally, Bookseller Inventory # 1575 Bibliographic Details Publisher: George and Robert King, Aberdeen, Binding: Hardcover.

Book Description: Edinburgh: Printed for Ogle, Allardice & Thomson., 1818. 1st Ed. Sm. 8vo. 216pp. Port. frontis., 3 plates, 2 plans of Order of Battle on 1 folding sheet. Very light browning, rebound in gilt lettered cloth. US$95. Bookseller Inventory # 188528 Purchased Feb 4, 2009

Ascanius; or, The young adventurer :
containing an impartial history of the rebellion in Scotland in the years 1745, 1746. In which is given a particular account of the battle of Prestonpans, and the death of Colonel Gardiner. With a journal of the miraculous adventures and escape of the young chevalier after the battle of Culloden. Also plans of the order of the battle on Falkirk and on Culloden Moor. Embellished with engravings.

Ralph Griffiths

1822 - English Book 216 p. : ill. (port.) folded plans, plates ; 17 cm.
Glasgow : Printed by Khull, Blackie, & Co. and A. Fullarton & Co. Edinburgh.

Ascanius; or, the Young Adventurer :
containing an impartial history of the rebellion in Scotland in the years 1745-1746 : to which is added a particular account of the battle of Prestonpans, and death of Colonel Gardner with a journal of the miraculous adventures and escape of the young chevalier after the battle of Culloden and a description of the manners of the Highlanders, their dress, armour, &c., &c., &c.

Ralph Griffiths;  John Burton

1821 - English Book 196 p. ; 15 cm.

Cupar : Printed by and for R. Tullis and sold by all the Booksellers.

Paisley, Printed by J. Fraser, 1825. 162 p. 16 cm.

Book Description: W S Sime, 1890. An impartial history of the rebellion in Scotland in the years 1745-76, to which are added, a journal of the adventures and miraculous escape of the Young Chevalier and a description of the manners of the Highlanders, their dress, Armour, etc. 12mo. 144pp. H/B. No d/w. Generally soiled and worn.

Book Description: Geneve 1747. Contenant un recit tres-cironstancie de tout ce qui est arrive de plus secret & de plus remarquable au Prince Charles-Edouard Stuart, dans le Nord de l'Escosse, depuis la bataille de Culloden donnee le 16 Avril 1746 jusqu'a son embarquement arrive le 19 Septembre de la meme annee. Traudite de l'Anglois et augmentee d'un grand nombre de remarques historiques. 12mo.,155pp. Full leather with gilt trimmed edges. Good, some light foxing throughout, spine ends a bit frayed and lightly worn down.

Ascanius: or, the Young Adventurer Griffiths, Ralph Bookseller: Ximenes Rare Books Inc., ABAA, ABA, ILAB (Kempsford, Gloucestershire, , United Kingdom) Price: US$ 291.65 [Convert Currency] Shipping within United Kingdom: US$ 6.32 [Rates & Speeds] Add Book to Shopping Basket Book Description: London 1746., 1746. Ascanius: or, the young adventurer; a true history. Translated from a manuscript privately handed about at the court of Versailles. Containing, a particular account of all that happen'd to a certain young person during his wanderings in the north, from his first arrival there, in August 1745, to his final escape September 19, in the following year. The whole introduced with a more critical and candid history of the rise, progress, and extinction of the Rebellion, than any yet publish'd: and interspersed with remarks on the characters of the principal persons who appear'd in the interest of Ascanius; particularly the celebrated Miss Cameron, Miss MacDonald, the Duke of Perth, the Earl of Kilmarnock, Messieurs Sherridan and Sullivan, &c. &c. London: printed for T. Johnston, 1746. 288 pp. + an engraved frontispiece portrait. 12mo, contemporary calf, gilt, spine gilt, red morocco label (worn, upper cover nearly detached). First complete edition. A novel based upon a romanticized version of the events of the Rebellion of 1745. A portion of the text (Book II, pp. 114-124) had already appeared as a separate pamphlet, with a false imprint;

Book Description: G. Miller, (n.d.), London, 1746. 3/4 Leather. Book Condition: Good. Dust Jacket Condition: NA. First Edition. 4 7/8" x 7 3/4". "Translated from a manuscript privately handed about at the Court of Versailles.", 64 pp.(1746). Contemporary 3/4 tan leather with stitching on the spine and corners; marbled boards and edges. Modern red leather label with gilt lettering. Corners rubbed, edges have wear.

Book Description: Lille and Lyon 1747., 1747. Ascanius ou le jeune avanturier. Histoire veritable, contenant un recit très-circonstancié de tout ce qui est arrivé de plu secret & de plus remarquable au Prince Charles-Edouard Stuart, dans le nord de ;'Ecosse, depuis la bataille de Culloden donnée le 16/27 Avril 1746 jusqu'à son embarquement arrivé le 19/30 Septembre de la m�me année. Traduite de l'Anglois, et augmentée d'un grand nombre de rémarques historiques. Lille: chez Jacquet; et à Lyon: chez les Frères De-Ville, 1747. 144 pp. Sm. 8vo, contemporary half calf (some rubbing). First edition in French; first published in London the year before. A translation of the first portion to be published on a novel romanticizing the career of the Young Pretender. The English text appeared as a 64-page pamphlet, with a false imprint, and the author, along with booksellers involved, were summoned for an examination by the authorities. This part of the novel was then quickly incorporated as Book II of the longer version (translated into French in 1763). Title-page a trifle dusty, otherwise a very good copy; with the armorial Strathallan bookplate. Very scarce. Rochedieu, p. 45 (wrongly listed under John Burton).

Ascanius; or, the Young Adventurer Griffiths, Ralph Bookseller: Ximenes Rare Books Inc., ABAA, ABA, ILAB (Kempsford, Gloucestershire, , United Kingdom) Price: US$ 680.52 [Convert Currency] Shipping within United Kingdom: US$ 6.32 [Rates & Speeds] Add Book to Shopping Basket Book Description: London 1746., 1746. Ascanius; or, the young adventurer, a true history. Translated from a manuscript privately handed about at the court of Versailles. Containing a particular account of all that happened to a certain person during his wanderings in the north, from his memorable defeat in April 1746, to his final escape, on the 19th of September in the same year. London: printed for G. Smith; and sold also by Mess. Grimky and Voguel, booksellers in Amsterdam; and by all other booksellers in Great-Britain, Ireland and Holland, n.d. (1746). 64 pp. [Bound with:] [Anon.] Genuine memoirs of John Murray, Esq; late secretary to the Young Pretender. Together with remarks on the same, in a letter to a friend. London: printed for J. Wilford, 1747. (2), 64 pp. Together two vols. in one, 8vo, recent marbled boards, calf, spine, spine gilt. First edition of each title.

Ascanius; or, the Young Adventurer Griffiths, Ralph Bookseller: Ximenes Rare Books Inc., ABAA, ABA, ILAB (Kempsford, Gloucestershire, , United Kingdom) Price: US$ 680.52 [Convert Currency] Shipping within United Kingdom: US$ 6.32 [Rates & Speeds] Add Book to Shopping Basket Book Description: London 1746., 1746. Ascanius; or, the young adventurer, a true history. Translated from a manuscript privately handed about at the court of Versailles. Containing a particular account of all that happened to a certain person during his wanderings in the north, from his memorable defeat in April 1746, to his final escape, on the 19th of September in the same year. London: printed for G. Smith; and sold also by Mess. Grimky and Voguel, booksellers in Amsterdam; and by all other booksellers in Great-Britain, Ireland and Holland, n.d. (1746). 64 pp. [Bound with:] [Anon.] Genuine memoirs of John Murray, Esq; late secretary to the Young Pretender. Together with remarks on the same, in a letter to a friend. London: printed for J. Wilford, 1747. (2), 64 pp. Together two vols. in one, 8vo, recent marbled boards, calf, spine, spine gilt. First edition of each title.

Release Date: 01 January, 1818 Media: Unknown Binding Manufacturer: M. Randall

Ascanius or the young adventurer : Containing an impartial history of the rebellion in Scotland, in the years 1745, 1746 ; Embellished With Engravinga / [John Burton] Verfasser: Burton, John *1710-1771* Erschienen: Edinburgh : Ogle, Allardice & Thomson [u.a.], 1818

Description: 12mo. full mottled calf, raised bands. vi, Pages 7 - 286. This 3rd edition is with considerable additions and improvements. Some copies have a final advertisement leaf - not present in this copy. Pages foxed, extemities rubbed. Bookseller Inventory # 001513 Bibliographic Details Publisher: Printed By Weir & M'Lean for James Davidson & Co., Paisley, Scotland Publication Date: 1769 Edition: Third Edition

Release Date: 01 January, 1821 Media: Unknown Binding Manufacturer: printed by and for R. Tullis and sold by all the booksellers

printed by Weir and McLean. For James Davidson and Co.

Description: 1 leaf, 150p. + fold. plan, frontis, extra illus. title page. 14 x 7 cm. Small book in orig. brown paper covered boards ( SF. & sl. stains, small hole in paper on front cover, sl. loss of lettering. ) Spine well worn, some loss of paper. IFE. ( dated 1924 ). Contents G+ ( Sl. dampstains, foxing & creasing. ]. Bookseller Inventory # 2100 Bibliographic Details Publisher: Edinburgh .: Printed for Stirling & Slade . 1819, Edinburgh . Publication Date: 1819

Description: "Translated from a manuscript privately handed about at the Court of Versailles.", 64 pp.(1746). Contemporary 3/4 tan leather with stitching on the spine and corners; marbled boards and edges. Modern red leather label with gilt lettering. Corners rubbed, edges have wear. Bookseller Inventory # an.0885 Bibliographic Details Publisher: G. Miller, (n.d.), London Publication Date: 1746 Binding: 3/4 Leather Book Condition: Good Dust Jacket Condition: NA Edition: First Edition

Description: Three-Quarter Leather. Fair/No Jacket. 24mo - over 5" - 5¾" tall. 359pp.+ 1 plate (Henry Firelding) ------ This is bound together with ------ Edinburgh: Stirling & Slade . 1819. 24mo. 150p. + foldout + 1 plate. (Ascanius). The Fielding misses half inch from plate top edge and is signed on title page. The Ascanius is browned on title page and plate. Both works are lightly browned naturally with age. Otherwise they are complete and in typical condition. The binding is completely detached, split along the hinges and scuffed. A curious book that might be spilt, and the volumes rebound separately. Bookseller Inventory # 000113 Bibliographic Details Publisher: London; Edinburgh: J.F.Dove; Stirling & Slade, 1819, London; Edinburgh Publication Date: 1819 Binding: Three-Quarter Leather Book Condition: Fair Dust Jacket Condition: No Jacket Signed: Signed by Author(s)

Journal of the Miraculous Escape of the Young Chevalier

Burton, John Genuine and true journal of the most miraculous escape of the Young Chevalier London 1749

Publisher: London : printed for B.A. near Charing-Cross, 1749

Description: 79 p. ; 20 cm

[Burton, John, M.D.] A genuine and true journal of the most miraculous escape of the Young Chevalier, from the Battle of Culloden to his landing in France; taken from the mouths of journals of the very persons, who assisted him therein, partly wrote in London, and partly in Scotland. To which is added, a short account of what befel the Pr. in France, and the manner of making him prisoner, and sending him to Avignon, and from his departure thence, as supposed for Scotland, &c. Together with a brief relation of what became of some of those who composed the army. By an Englishman. London: printed for W. Webb, 1749. (6), 81 pp. 8vo, old half calf (rubbed, front cover detached). First edition. The author of this sympathetic account of the Young Pretender was a physician now best known for his portrayal by Laurence Sterne as "Dr. Slop," in Tristram Shandy. One leaf of the preface bound out of order; repairs to the foot of the title-page, and to two other leaves, with small loss of text (but entirely intelligible from the context).

Griffiths, Ralph Ascanius ou le jeune avanturier Lille and Lyon  1747

[Griffiths, Ralph.] Ascanius ou le jeune avanturier. Histoire veritable, contenant un recit très-circonstancié de tout ce qui est arrivé de plu secret & de plus remarquable au Prince Charles-Edouard Stuart, dans le nord de ;'Ecosse, depuis la bataille de Culloden donnée le 16/27 Avril 1746 jusqu'à son embarquement arrivé le 19/30 Septembre de la même année. Traduite de l'Anglois, et augmentée d'un grand nombre de rémarques historiques. Lille: chez Jacquet; et à Lyon: chez les Frères De-Ville, 1747. 144 pp. Sm. 8vo, contemporary half calf (some rubbing). First edition in French; first published in London the year before. A translation of the first portion to be published on a novel romanticizing the career of the Young Pretender. The English text appeared as a 64-page pamphlet, with a false imprint, and the author, along with booksellers involved, were summoned for an examination by the authorities. This part of the novel was then quickly incorporated as Book II of the longer version (translated into French in 1763). Title-page a trifle dusty, otherwise a very good copy; with the armorial Strathallan bookplate. Very scarce. Rochedieu, p. 45 (wrongly listed under John Burton).

Griffiths, Ralph Ascanius; or, the Young Adventurer London  1746

[Griffiths, Ralph.] Ascanius; or, the Young Adventurer, a true history. Translated from a manuscript privately handed about at the court of Versailles. Containing a particular account of all that happened to a certain person during his wanderings in the north, from his memorable defeat in April 1746, to his final escape, on the 19th of September in the same year. London: printed for G. Smith; and sold also by Mess. Grimky and Voguel, booksellers in Amsterdam; and by all other booksellers in Great-Britain, Ireland and Holland, n.d. (1746). 64 pp. [Bound with:] [Anon.] Genuine memoirs of John Murray, Esq; late secretary to the Young Pretender. Together with remarks on the same, in a letter to a friend. London: printed for J. Wilford, 1747. (2), 64 pp. Together two vols. in one, 8vo, recent marbled boards, calf, spine, spine gilt. First edition of each title. Ascanius is a fictionalized account of the Young Pretender, whose defeat in the Rebellion of 1745 had a romantic appeal which the government was not keen to have disseminated. The imprint here is entirely false. Some 1700 copies had been printed when the author, and the booksellers involved, William Faden and William Owen, were examined for libel in January, 1746/7. In fact attempts to suppress the text were useless, and this pamphlet quickly reappeared as Book II of a longer version. The book used to be ascribed to John Burton, but records of the legal action reveal that it was written by Ralph Griffiths, a bookseller and publisher who founded the Monthly Review in 1749. Cf. Beasley 202 (the full version only); CBEL II, 2078. The second work is the best early account of John Murray of Broughton, one of the Young Pretender's most trusted associates. After the Battle of Culloden, Murray was captured and taken prisoner to London, where he turned king's evidence and testified against the Jacobites; his reputation never recovered. CBEL II, 2076. An appealing pair, in fine condition.

Ascanius; or, the Young Adventurer: Containing an Impartial History of the Rebellion in Scotland in the Years 1745 & 1746. Giving an Account of Every Battle, Skirmish, and Siege, from the Landing of the Pretender, Until His Return to France. With a Journal of His Miraculous Adventures and ...
By Ralph Griffiths, John Burton
Published by Printed by W. Falconer, for James Scott, 1818
162 pages

Ascanius, or, the Young Adventurer: Containing an Impartial Account of the Late Rebellion in Scotland in the Years 1745-46 ...
By John Burton
Published by Printed by Robert King, 1899

British Library

System number   004056519
Author - personal   LinkGRIFFITHS, Ralph.
Title   LinkAscanius or, The young adventurer [by R. Griffiths] ... To which are added, several secret occurrences not in any of the former editions, etc.
Publisher/year   LinkEdinburgh: the company of Stationers; Dublin: R. J., 1779.
Physical descr.   pp. 180; illus. 12º.

Binding: Unknown Binding
Label: printed by and for R. Tullis and sold by all the booksellers
Manufacturer: printed by and for R. Tullis and sold by all the booksellers
Number Of Pages: 196
Publication Date: 1821
Publisher: printed by and for R. Tullis and sold by all the booksellers
Studio: printed by and for R. Tullis and sold by all the booksellers

The three French translations (Lille and Lyon - 1747, Geneva - 1747, and Edimbourg - 1763) are by d'Intraiguel and Langford Heyland.

Burton, John. Born in 1696 and died in 1771, authored "ASCANIO ó el Jóven Aventurero, Historia verdadera, que contiene una relacion muy circunstanciada de todo lo mas secreto. y mas particular, que sucedió al principe Carlos Eduardo Stuard en el Norte de Escocia, desde la batalla de Culloden, dada el dia 27 de abril de 1746, hasta su embarco, que fué el 30, de septiembre del mismo año. Traducida del Frances, y aumentada de muchas notas históricas, con privilegió del Rey Nuestro Señor. Madrid (no dice el añ0), imprenta del Mercurio. En 8º prolongado, 220 páginas." Published in 1750 (possibly "Madrid, 1747. Gaceta, 20 de junio de 1747.").

Sanfärdig historia om Ascanius, innehållandes en omständelig berättelse, på alt det, som händt printz Charles Edouard Stuart, uti norra Skottland ifrån bataillen wid Culloden den 16/27 april 1746, til den 19/30 septemb. samma år. Öfwersatt : på swänskan från fransyskan, 1747. Stockholm, tryckt hos directeuren och kongl. boktr. i stor-förstendömet Finnland, Jacob Merkell, 1748. Stockholm, 1748 : 96 s. ; 8:o.

P. J. ANDERSON ‘ASCANIUS, OR THE YOUNG ADVENTURER’ Notes and Queries 1923 s12-XII: 172; doi:10.1093/nq/s12-XII.255.172-a [PDF].

A useful bibliography of Jacobite Literature is attached to chapter XIV section E of The Cambridge history of English literature, Volume 9.

WILLIAM SHENSTONE 'Jemmy Dawson' was one of the Manchester rebels, who was hanged, drawn, and quartered on Kennington Common, Surrey, July 30th, 1746. A lady of gentle blood was in love with the gallant young rebel, and died of a broken heart on the day of his execution. (Percy’s Reliques, series 2, book iii. 26.)

The following is an extract from the six volume, history of Old and New London by Walter Thornbury published between 1872-1878

"Upon this spot is erected the gallows for the county of Surrey; but few have suffered here of late years. Such of the (Scottish) rebels as were tried by the Special Commission, in 1746, and ordered for execution, suffered at this place; amongst whom were those who commanded the regiment raised at Manchester for the use (service) of the Pretender." In fact, very many of those who had "been out" in the Scottish rising of the previous year here suffered the last penalty of the law. Among them were Sir John Wedderburn, John Hamilton, Andrew Wood, and Alexander Leith, and also two English gentlemen of good family, named Towneley and Fletcher, who had joined the standard of "Bonny Prince Charlie" at Manchester (they were collectively known as "The Manchester Rebels"). Wood, it is said, bravely drank a glass to the Pretender's health on the scaffold. Others engaged in the same cause also suffered here; among them Captain James (or, as he is still called, "Jemmy" ) Dawson, over whose body, as soon as the headsman's axe had done its terrible work, a young lady, who was attached to him tenderly, threw herself in a swoon, and died literally of a broken heart.

The event forms the subject of one of William Shenstone's (English poet, gardener and collector b.1714 d.1763 ) ballads:

Jemmy Dawson.

A ballad. Written about the time of his execution, in the year 1746.

Come listen to my mournful tale,
Ye tender hearts and lovers dear!
Nor will you scorn to heave a sigh,
Nor need you blush to shed a tear.

And thou dear Kitty! peerless maid!
Do thou a pensive ear incline;
For thou canst weep at every woe,
And pity every plaint--but mine.

Young Dawson was a gallant boy,
A brighter never trod the plain;
And well he loved one charming maid,
And dearly was he loved again.

One tender maid, she loved him dear;
Of gentle blood the damsel came;
And faultless was her beauteous form,
And spotless was her virgin fame.

But curse on party's hateful strife,
That led the favour'd youth astray;
The day the rebel clans appear'd--
O had he never seen that day!

Their colours and their sash he wore,
And in the fatal dress was found;
And now he must that death endure
Which gives the brave the keenest wound.

How pale was then his true love's cheek,
When Jemmy's sentence reach'd her ear!
For never yet did Alpine snows
So pale, or yet so chill appear.

With faltering voice she, weeping, said,
"O Dawson! monarch of my heart!
Think not thy death shall end our loves,
For thou and I will never part.

"Yet might sweet mercy find a place,
And bring relief to Jemmy's woes,
O George! without a prayer for thee,
My orisons should never close.

"The gracious prince that gave him life,
Would crown a never-dying flame;
And every tender babe I bore
Should learn to lisp the giver's name.

"But though he should be dragg'd in scorn
To yonder ignominious tree;
He shall not want one constant friend
To share the cruel Fates' decree."

Oh! then her mourning coach was call'd;
The sledge moved slowly on before;
Though borne in a triumphal car,
She had not loved her favourite more.

She follow'd him, prepared to view
The terrible behests of law;
And the last scene of Jemmy's woes,
With calm and steadfast eye she saw.

Distorted was that blooming face,
Which she had fondly loved so long;
And stifled was that tuneful breath,
Which in her praise had sweetly sung:

And sever'd was that beauteous neck,
Round which her arms had fondly closed;
And mangled was that beauteous breast,
On which her lovesick head reposed:

And ravish'd was that constant heart,
She did to every heart prefer;
For though it could its king forget,
'Twas true and loyal still to her.

Amid those unrelenting flames
She bore this constant heart to see;
But when 'twas moulder'd into dust,
"Yet, yet," she cried, "I follow thee.

"My death, my death alone can show
The pure, the lasting love I bore
Accept, O Heaven! of woes like ours,
And let us, let us weep no more."

The dismal scene was o'er and past,
The lover's mournful hearse retired;
The maid drew back her languid head,
And, sighing forth his name, expired.

Though justice ever must prevail,
The tear my Kitty sheds is due;
For seldom shall she hear a tale
So sad, so tender, yet so true.

Quotes:

When the Duke of Cumberland was defeated at the battle of Laffelt,

It is said, that after the loss of that day, an English captive telling a French officer, that they had been very near taking the Duke prisoner, the Frenchman replied, " We took care of that; he does us more service at the head of your army."

The flowering plant Dianthus barbatus was named 'Sweet William' after him; in Scotland, however, the foul-smelling ragwort Senecto jacobaea was nicknamed 'Stinking Willie'.